Where are we
Av Duque de Caxias, 256, Visconde de Araujo
Macae - RJ, CEP: 27943-032
phone: (22) 2141-2309
From Little Princess of the Atlantic to the National Petroleum Capital
The city of Macaé, in the north of the state of Rio de Janeiro, is known as "Princesinha do Atlântico" and, internationally, as the "Capital of Oil".
Affectionately nicknamed “Princesinha do Atlântico”, for its 23 kilometers of coastline, Macaé has a total area of 1,216 square kilometers, corresponding to 12.5% of the area of the Northern Fluminense Region. The municipality is divided into six districts - Headquarters, Cachoeiros de Macaé, Córrego do Ouro, Glicério, Frade and Sana.
Discovered at random and of no economic or social importance, Macaé began to be populated in the 17th century at the request of the governor general of Brazil to avoid the smugglers who coveted the brazilwood. The beginning of colonization happened with the arrival of 200 Tamoios Indians in the city.
Gradually, attracted by the primitive beauty of the landscape dominated by the fantastic Frade peak and by immense beaches and lagoons, outsiders began to occupy Macaé and extract the riches that the rich land produced: brazilwood, cattle and, in the future, oil - the black gold that would replace the white gold of sugar cane, until then the greatest wealth of all that part of the territory of Rio de Janeiro.
Until the end of the 17th century, Macaé was not even a village and thus was held hostage by the authorities summoned by another region, in Cabo Frio, to manage its economic and social life. In the 19th century, despite almost 200 years of colonization, the municipality had not yet developed due to the lack of administrative autonomy that was only granted on July 29, 1813, when Prince Regent D. João VI elevated the village to the category of Vila de São João de Macahé, even without having been a parish previously.
This decision contradicted colonial administrative practices and represented the conquest of a new political statute: in 1814, the City Council was established, which took over the political administration of the village. Just 33 years later, on April 15, 1846, provincial law No. 364 transforms Vila São João de Macahé into a city.
During this period, the main economical sources of the city of Macaé were the crops of sugar cane, orange, tomato, coffee, cassava, banana, beans, sweet potato, corn, rice and pineapple. Livestock and fishing activities were also quite developed and important for the municipality.
In the early 1970s, Macaé is experiencing a new economic moment from the discovery of oil in the Campos Basin, the Brazilian continental shelf. This phenomenon brought a great boost to the local economy, being the focus of interest for Petrobras, which settled in the city making Macaé one of the cities that most contribute to the generation of wealth in the State of Rio de Janeiro.
In this way, Macaé takes an international stance and makes Brazil become independent in the matter of fuel consumption and places it as one of the most advanced in deepwater prospecting technology and the city becomes the main responsible for the extraction of oil. in the country.
The city experienced an industrial boom in the oil sector, mainly after the breaking of the oil monopoly in the E&P segment by Law 9.478, of August 6, 1997. This expansion culminated in the demographic growth of the city, reaching a population of 217,951 thousand , according to IBGE 2012 data. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita exceeds R $ 50 thousand. Because of this scenario, 10% of its population are foreigners, in addition to hosting the Brasil Offshore Fair, the third largest event in the sector in the world every two years.
Despite the name "Bacia de Campos", it is in Macaé that Petrobras' facilities and companies in the offshore sector are located, which by the year 2011, totaled 276 industries. 80% of the Brazilian oil and 47% of the country's natural gas production are extracted from the basin, a reason that led the media and specialists to grant Macaé the title of "National Petroleum Capital".
In the last ten years, Macaé has grown 600% economically, which reveals a constant evolution of the city. According to data from the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV), in 2008, Macaé was considered the ninth best city in Brazil to work and, according to the Atlas of the Brazilian Market, it was rated as the most dynamic city in the State of Rio de Janeiro and the second in the parents. The municipalities' survey criteria include social investments in health, education, housing, science and technology and purchasing capacity.
Municipalities of the Northern Fluminense Region: Campos dos Goytacazes, Carapebus, Cardoso Moreira, Conceição de Macabu, Macaé, Quissamã, São Fidélis, São Francisco de Itabapoana and São João da Barra.
Currencies: Carapebus, Conceição de Macabu, to the North; Rio das Ostras and Casimiro de Abreu, to the south; Trajano de Moraes and Nova Friburgo, to the West; and with the Atlantic Ocean, to the East.
Districts: Headquarters, Cachoeiros de Macaé, Córrego do Ouro, Glicério, Frade and Sana.
Distance from capital: 182